The Department of Soil and Water Conservation Punjab takes care of Soil and Water in the State. The natural resources of Soil and Water are most important for sustaining agricultural production. The preservation and up-gradation of soil and water resources is being given the top priority at the national level. Therefore, the department has an important role in conservation of these resources. The department carries out the following functions:

1.            The department carries out survey of soils and prepares soil inventory of different type of soils in the State. The soils are classified as per their capability. The data bank on the soils is utilized for formulating strategy and schemes for best utilization of the soils and also preparing schemes for conservation and up gradation of soils and water resources.

2.           The department executes schemes/ projects for conservation of soils and water resources in the State. These projects are being implemented under the State Plan Schemes and Centrally Sponsored Schemes.

3.            The nucleus cell of State Land Use Board, functions under the department and is responsible for maintaining updated data of soil & water resources and keeps liaison with other departments and organizations connected with the land use and for generating awareness for optimum and judicious use of soil and water resources in the State.


The  Activities/Works executed by the department under various schemes of Soil Conservation and Water Management:-

A.             Soil Conservation Activities on Watershed Basis

1.                   Land leveling/ Land grading.

2.                   Bench Terracing.

3.                   Gully reclamation & soil erosion control works on watershed basis

4.                   Water Harvesting structures are constructed

5.                   Tapping of perennial flow(Makowal type)

6.                   Contour bunding

7.                   Drainage line treatment.

8.                   Chiseling of Soils.

9.                   Scrapping of sand dunes

10.               Ravine reclamation.

11.               Reclamation of alkaline/saline & water logged area.

12.               Contour Vegetative hedges.

13.               Horticulture Development.

14.               Earthen Loose boulders with vegetative support in upper, middle and lower reaches.

15.               Loose boulders with Gabion structures.

16.               Spillways.

17.               Percolation Tanks.

18.               Land use incentive for moisture conservation.

19.               Silvipastural development.

20.               Afforestation.

21.               Agro forestry.

22.               Vegetative filter stripes in place of diversion drains.

23.               Crop demonstrations.

24.               Dryland horticulture.

25.               Composite horticulture.

26.               Household production system such as poultry, Piggery, bee keeping, Sericulture, mushroom cultivation, Production of bio fertilizers.

27.               Bio mass/Agro processing such as basket making, rope making leaf plants and saucers, wood carving and toy making, extraction, poultry, Charkha.

28.               Bank stabilization with vegetative measures.

29.               Small dugout/sunken ponds.

30.               Runoff management dug out pond with vegetative inlets and outlets.

31.               Live stock management.

B.         Water  Management  Works

1.                   Laying of Underground pipeline for irrigation from tubewells, canal outlets etc.

2.                   Natural & Artificial Ground Water Recharging.

3.                   Construction & maintenance of common watercourses.

4.                   Utilization of sullage water for irrigation.

5.                   Drip irrigation.

6.                   Micro Sprinkler Irrigation.

7.                   Lift Irrigation projects.

C.          Soil Survey works

1.                   Collection of field information of soils.

2.                   Laboratory analysis.

3.                   Correlation and Classification.

4.                   Mapping of soils.

5.                   Establishing & drawing boundaries of different kind of soils on the standard base map and prediction about the potential of soils for alternate use.

6.                   Different types of soil survey are conducted in the field i.e. Reconnaissance Survey, Semi detailed survey, Detailed soil survey, Wasteland mapping etc.

7.                   The projects of soils survey are Soils map, Soil Survey reports.

D.        Machinery Division: The department has a fleet of 5 bulldozers, 1 Excavator-cum-loaders & 3 Tractors for undertaking various soil & conservation works in the State. There is a separate division for running & maintenance of machinery working under Divisional Soil Conservation Officer with its Headquarter at Mohali.

E.        Training Institute: There is a Training Institute at Mohali to impart training to farmers and Technical persons upto the level of Soil Conservation Officers. The courses cover all the practical aspects of Soil & Water Conservation works such as land leveling, bench terracing, contour bounding, gully reclamation, water harvesting dams and drainage etc and also give lessons of practice in preparation of plan & estimates etc.

F.         State Land Use Board: A nucleus cell i.e. Land Use Board has been created to assess the land resources like soil, water & vegetation and is responsible for maintaining a soil inventory, to keep liaison with other departments and organizations connected with land use and for generating awareness for optimum & judicious use of soil & water resources in the State.