DEPARTMENT OF SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION, PUNJAB

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ( F A Q )

Ques. When was Soil and Water Conservation Department established ?
Ans.

The Department of Soil and Water Conservation was established in year 1969 , before that it was a part of Agriculture Department.

   
Ques. Who is Head of department and where it's Headquarters are located?
Ans.

The Department is headed by Chief Conservator of Soils which is held by Sukhwant Singh Saini and it's Head Office is S.C.O: 92-94, II & III Floor, Sector: 17-D, Chandigarh-160017.

   
Ques. What are major activities of Department ?
Ans.

The major activities of Department are Land leveling, Bench Terracing, Underground Pipeline Systems, Water Recharging, Contour bunding, Gully Reclamation, Waste land development, Watershed Management, Water Harvesting Structure, Tapping of Hill Seepage, Lift irrigation schemes including Hydrams, Field Drainage, Drip & Sprinkler Irrigation etc.

   
Ques. How many wings does the Department has ?
Ans.

The Department is divided in to four wings namely

1. Works wing  2. Survey wing  3. Training wing  4. Machinery wing , besides SLUB

   
Ques. What is SLUB and who is it's Chairman and Director ?
Ans.

SLUB is State Land Use Board It's Chair person is Chief Minister of Punjab Capt. Amarinder Singh and it's Director is Mr. Anil Kumar Sondhi

   
Ques. What are functions of SLUB ?
Ans.

The land under agriculture is bound to decrease in Punjab due to other pre-occupations like Govt. Infrastructure (e.g., roads, canals etc.), residential buildings, industries etc. A nucleus cell i.e. State Land Use Board has been created to assess the land resources like soil, water & vegetation and is responsible for maintaining a soil inventory, to keep liaison with other departments and organizations connected with land use and for generating awareness for optimum & judicious use of soil & water resources in the State.

   
Ques. What are functions of Works wing ?
Ans.

This wing executes schemes/ projects for conservation of soils and water resources in the State. These projects are being implemented under the State Plan Schemes and Centrally Sponsored Schemes besides other works.

   
Ques. What are functions of Training wing ?
Ans.

Department has a Training center located at Mohali and Hoshiarpur and is headed by officer of rank of DSCO. It imparts training to department employees besides holding camps and other training programmes for farmers. It has hostel facility for trainees at Mohali center.

   
Ques. What are Functions of Soil Survey ?
Ans.

It's function is to carry out land use survey in the State. Under this scheme, the soil survey is carried out and problems are investigated and solutions suggested. The fertility status of the soil is evaluated so that every piece of land is put to the use for which it is best suited in order to get maximum production. In this scheme soil survey was carried out using Cadastral Maps, Toposheets, Aerial Photographs, remote sensing and Land Sat Imagery as base map to delineation soil boundaries of uniform group having same characteristics for similarly management practices to work efficiently and profitably. It is headed by DSCO with headquarters at Mohali.

   
Ques. What are Functions of Machinery Division ?
Ans.

The department has a fleet of 5 bulldozers, 1 Excavator-cum-loaders & 3 Tractors for undertaking various soil & conservation works in the State. This is a separate division for running & maintenance of machinery working under Divisional Soil Conservation Officer with its Headquarter at Mohali.

Ques. From where does the Department gets its funds from ?
Ans.

The Department gets its funds from both Center and State Govt. besides many financial institutes , banks also provide loans for carrying out soil and water conservation works.

   
Ques. Does Department provide loans to farmers ?
Ans.

No the Department on itself does not provide loans to farmers but it does assists them in getting them from various financial institutions like NABARD and banks.

   
Ques. On what works subsidies are provided ?
Ans.

Subsidies are provided for Lift Pump on Sirhind Feeder and Water Storage Tanks for Drip Irrigation Farmers are provided with subsidy for these works from deputy commissioner of various districts and DRDA. This scheme is being implemented in the southern districts and Mukatsar districts.

   
Ques.  What is ground water recharging ?
Ans.

To keep a check on the continuously degrading ground water resource in Punjab, Ground Water Recharging is the only solution. Out of the total 138 of the state, 93 blocks have turned Dark where the under ground water development has crossed 100%. Under this scheme funds are taken from Central Ground Water Board for installing ground water recharging projects in the affected districts especially Patiala, Sangrur and Ropar.

   
Ques. What is Roof Top Rain water harvesting ?
Ans.

Roof-Top Rainwater harvesting essentially means collecting rainwater on the roofs of building and storing it underground for later use. Not only does this recharging arrest groundwater depletion, it also raises the declining water table and can help augment water supply.

   
Ques. What is Drip & Micro Sprinkler Irrigation And its benefits ?
Ans.

The Micro Irrigation System, which includes Drip Irrigation, Micro Sprinkler Irrigation and other emitting devices which discharges irrigation water at a controlled rate and is applied directly to the root zone of the plants. It increases the productivity by 30 to 100% with 50 to 70% saving of water in various crops.  Till now 4247 hectares area has been covered under these systems in Ferozepur, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Ropar and Sangrur Districts. The main fruits crops are Kinnow, Grapes, Litchi etc. and the vegetable crops are Potato & Tomato.

   
Ques. What are benefits of Underground pipeline system ?
Ans.

The major benefits of UGPS are by way of Land Saving and thus an increase in cultivated area. This benefit has further helped  increase in Yield, Production and Socio-Economic Upliftment of the farmers. UGPS also helps in Saving of Energy, Fertilizer, Labour and Land Development. UGPS is a highly efficient system as it has helped in catching up the time gap of conventional irrigation system. The UGPS not only needs less number of tubewells/gensets but has also helped in Ground Water Utilization in many parts of the state.

   
Ques. What is quantitative analysis of UGPS laid by Department ?
Ans.

The UGPS is being installed in the fields of Punjab farmers since 1967 and has played a significant role in Green Revolution. Till date, 12872 km of pipeline has been laid in Punjab state benefiting as area of 475282 ha (1188207 Acres). Also, 505 Million Units of Precious Electricity is being saved and 126.25 Lakh Man-days of labour is being saved every year. Therefore, at present, UGPS is helping the farmers and the state by generating an additional annual income of Rs. 463 Crores.

   
Ques. What are Water Harvesting Structures and its benefits ?
Ans.

These are structures which are built to store water which otherwise goes as runoff . It is mainly  constructed on stream , drain or where there is rain water runoff thus trapping water which otherwise goes waste. These are most beneficial in hilly (Kandi) area. It helps in life saving irrigation and micro climate has been improves and also results in substantial increase in bio-mass. It checks soil erosion and low moisture of soils increases due to seepage and percolation of water in the reservoir there is on upward trend in the ground water table.

   
Ques. What does Makkowal Type means ?
Ans.

The Project as envisaged in view of water needs of the people for irrigation and other purposes, looking to the availability of water from wells, near the upstream. Water in these wells was available throughout the year (preenial flow) and water level remained constant in spite of regular flow of underground water from these wells. To tap this natural flow for irrigation purpose was the object of this project. The water flows through concrete underground pipelines under gravity from upstream wells to the fields where it is used for irrigation.

   
Ques. What is Agriculture Field Drainage ?
Ans.

Water logging is a severe problem in the State of Punjab especially in the Southern western districts. Although surface drainage is being done but many low line pockets could not be reclaimed with surface drainage system. Therefore sub surface drainage system will be done to reclaim such pockets. The work is being implemented in Ferozepur, Bathinda, Faridkot, Mukatsar, Gurdaspur, Sangrur and Nawanshahar.

   
Ques. What is Ravinous area ?
Ans.

About 8000 areas on the right bank of river Beas in the district Amritsar and Gurdaspur has been identified as ravinous. This area is badly dissected and eroded. Under the programme, this area will be reclaimed and developed for agriculture and plantation.

   
Ques. How irrigation can be done in Ecologically Handicapped Area ?
Ans. In areas where normal irrigation is not available and the ground water is also brackish and where conventional method of irrigation are not possible, perennial flows are collected by constructing sump wells and these are used for irrigation by lifting through underground irrigation conveyance system. in brackish   water area, the sweet water is taken from limited pockets through underground pipe line system.