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Under Ground Pipe Line (UGPL) system Bhootgarh Canal at Village Bhootgarh (Patiala)

S. No. Project Brief
1. Name of District Patiala
2. Name of Project Bhootgarh, Canal Outlet No: 7737/TR, Village; Bhootgarh, Teshil: Patran
3. Name of Office under which project executed Divisional Soil Conservation Officer, Zila Parishad Complex,
Sirhind Road, Patiala-147001
Phone No: 0175-2366238
Email: dscopatiala@yahoo.in
4. Date of Start of Project 24/04/2016
5. Date of Completion of Project 15/05/2017
6. Cost of project Total Cost : Rs. 50,00,000 (Lacs)
Assistance from RKVY: Rs 45,00,000
Beneficiary Share: Rs. 5,00,000

Objectives of Project:

Under Ground Pipe Line (UGPL) system, which uses irrigation pipes placed underground to fetch the water from the source to the field, provides the most appropriate solution to tackle the above mentioned problems. Depending on the mean sea level of the source and the fields, UGPL system can bring water by gravity or by lifting and by carrying irrigation water from a source well to the field with pressure. UGPL system minimizes water losses during conveyance from water bodies to farmers’ field. Further, maintenance of irrigation channels is a bigger problem particularly during paddy growing season when weed intensity is at peak. By creating underground conveyance system, thus, additional land is also effectively brought under cultivation by saving on the lands lost in making irrigation channels.

Number of Beneficiaries of project:

Total: 89(nos)Men: 84(nos) Women: 5(nos)
(SC/ST: 21(nos)) (Marginal farmers: 34(nos) Small Farmers: 55(nos)

Pre Project Status / Problems of project area:

Water has to be brought from some distance to deal with the problems of farmers at the tail end, farmers without underground water sources in their fields. Traditionally, many of these farmers have tried to cope with these issues by bringing water from a distance source by digging and building open channels. However, this has had another set of problems. There is water loss in transit. Such water channels tend to get damaged very often and consequently they require constant maintenance. Such channels also consume valuable land which could be better utilized for cultivation. The farmers in the tail end of irrigation command area or the farmers not having underground water resources in their fields as a consequence suffer, as irrigation water normally does not reach the fields at the tail end. Their fields remain parched. More and more farmers in the district are joining the ranks of the water starved farmers as underground water resources in the state has been consistently declining.


Details of Work executed:

Punjab government initiated UGPL programme. The financial assistance in Punjab for UGPL system is provided @ 90% of total cost of RCC Common pipeline project for all categories of farmers under RKVY Scheme. The farmers had used RCC pipe for laying out UGPL system of 400 mm diameter based on the discharge of the Canal outlet. In order to ensure that farmers get quality material at competitive rates while at the same time have flexibility of choice of suppliers, the Department of Soil & Water Conservation has registered/empanelled the UGPL supplying firms every year with their quoted rates. Adoption of this practice has provided wider and more transparent choice to the farmers for procurement of material as well as release of subsidy. The system in Punjab is more generous considering the fact that most of the water which is used by farmers in Punjab state is canal water which virtually comes free for farmers. Government of Punjab, therefore, provides 90% of the total cost of the project under RKVY for laying UGPL system in the state.The UGPL programme of Punjab is very popular with the farming community and there is huge demand for this system. Farmers are highly convinced about its benefits.

Benefits/Outcomes of project:

  • There is significant increase in crop productivity due to use of UGPL system in the fields. The increase is around 20% for paddy & 25% for wheat.
  • There is saving of water as well. The average saving of water in irrigating one acre of paddy field is around 20% whereas the same is around 25% for the wheat crop.
  • The UGPL system has helped in reduction of labour cost and drudgery for the farmers.
  • A few other benefits reported were, land saving by about 2-3%, elimination of water logging near channel to the extent of 0.5%, elimination of additional wells in the area, safety in operations etc.
  • Diversification in Crops: farmers are diversifying to other crops like Paddy, Vegetables etc. after getting assured irrigation.
  • The water will released for irrigation through 1 riser at a time.
  • Rotational water supply/warabandi is adopted for operation of the system.

Pre Project and Post project status/comparison:

S. No. Pre Project Status Post project Status
1. Loss of cultivable command area Minimum loss of cultivable command area
2. Time consuming Easy and Fast installation
3. No operation facility Better operation facility
4. Higher maintenance cost Lower maintenance cost
5. Lesser project life span Higher project life span
6. Loss of water due to evaporation and seepage No loss of water due to evaporation and seepage
7. Interference with farming operations Minimum interference with farming operations.