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Common Underground Pipeline Project From Village Water Body at Village Ajnoud (Ludhiana)

S. No. Project Brief
1. Name of District Ludhiana
2. Name of Project Common UGPL Project for Utilization of water for Irrigation from Village Water Body, Village: Ajnoud, Tehsil : Payal , Ludhiana
3. Name of Office under which project executed Divisional Soil Conservation Officer, Ludhiana
4. Contact Details Divisional Soil Conservation Officer Ludhiana,
Agriculture complex, Agar-Nagar Extension,
Ferozpur Road, Ludhiana
Phone No: 0161-2551273
Email: dscoludhiana@yahoo.co.in
5. Date of Start of Project Block 1 = 20/06/2016 ; Block 2 = 29/03/2017
6. Date of Completion of Project Block 1 = 26/08/2016 ; Block 2 = 12/06/2017
7. Cost of project Total Cost: Rs. 14,22,000 (Lacs) ( Block 1 and Block 2 )
Assistance from RKVY: Rs12,79,800 /-
Beneficiary Share: Rs. 1,42,200/-

Objectives of Project:

  • Judicious and efficient use of Available water with underground pipeline system for conveyance.
  • UGPL helps save about 30% water when compared to open channels.
  • With zero withdrawal of ground water, this project will help limiting the declining water table in this declared Over-Exploited area with respect to ground water Development.
  • By laying of UGPL 3% of land shall be saved which when put under agriculture will increase per unit production.
  • Decreased labour input.
  • As the pond water is rich in organic matter and other nutrients, its usage will reduce the fertilizer consumption as well as continuous use of this water will improve the soil conditions for a better plant growth.
  • Project will help reducing the power consumption for irrigating the fields, and thus will reduce the cost of production.
  • Use of pond water will improve the sanitary conditions of the village, by preventing the outbreak of various water/vector borne diseases like cholera, malaria, dengue, chickenguniya etc., which otherwise during rainy season was overflowing into the adjoining residential/agricultural fields.
  • Reuse of pond water for irrigation will help small/marginal farmers by way of cutting down the cost of installation and operation of tubewells.

Number of Beneficiaries of project:

Total 51 Nos. (Block 1 and Block 2)
Men 50(Nos.); Women: 01(Nos.); SC/ST N/A (Nos.)
Marginal farmers: 18(Nos.); Small Farmers 33(Nos.); Others N/A (Nos.)

Pre Project Status / Problems of project area:

The village Ajnoud lies in the Doraha block which is categorized as over-exploited (OE) block with respect to ground water development by CGWB. The village has two ponds and their water overflows especially during rainy season, which causes severe damage to agriculture fields and sanitation problems in the adjoining residential area. Also the overflowed water accumulates as small puddles on kacha/pucca paths , whereby causing problem for the village residents and school children for commuting. Low productivity of the land belonging to the marginal and small farmers as they cannot afford to irrigate their fields with tube well water.

Details of Work executed:

The Gram Panchayat of village approached the Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Punjab stating their woes regarding the overflowing water from the village ponds and seeking solution for the same. The departmental officials visited the site and as this area falls in over-exploited (OE) block with respect to ground water development, after getting the pond water tested for its suitability for irrigation suggested laying of underground pipeline from these ponds to irrigate agricultural fields. To convince the panchayat members and the proposed beneficiaries, various meetings were held in the village. With the consistent efforts of the department officers and sarpanch of village , a resolution was passed for laying of underground pipeline. The Govt. of Punjab approved the project under RKVY 90:10 assistance.

RCC pipes of dia- 300 mm and length 1080 meter and 875 m have been laid in Block-1 and Block 2, respectively, to irrigate 38.47 ha of Command Area. The water from ponds is lifted by 2 no. 5 hp diesel operated engines.

Benefits/Outcomes of project:

By utilising the pond water for irrigation by laying Under Ground Pipe line, efficient use of Available water was accomplished.UGPL is helping saving of about 30% water as compared to open channels annually. As there is zero withdrawal of ground water in the command area, this project is surely limiting the declining water table in this declared Over-Exploited area with respect to ground water Development. About 3% of additional land is put under agriculture which will increase per unit production. As now no open channel for irrigation, therefore, no regular cleaning required and hence there is decreased labour input. Continuous use of organic matter rich pond water for agriculture will reduce the fertilizer consumption as well as will improve the soil conditions for a better plant growth. Now there is decreased power consumption for irrigation, thereby reducing cost of production and hence making agriculture more profitable.As now the pond water is utilised fully for agriculture, there is no overflowing water into the residential area, which is greatly helping in checking the spread of water/vector borne diseases in the village and the project has also improved the village aesthetically. Reuse of pond water for irrigation is helping small/marginal farmers by way of cutting down the cost of installation and operation of tubewells.

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Supporting Documents/Information

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Pre Project and Post project status/comparison:

S. No. Pre Project Post Project
1. High ground water withdrawal for irrigation in the command area. Zero withdrawal of ground water in the command area.
2. Increased power consumption due to withdrawal of ground water from deeper layers by installing tube wells for irrigating the fields. Reduction in power consumption for irrigating the fields because of nil to very less ground water withdrawal in the command area, leading to reduction in cost of production.
3. The overflowing water of the pond was going waste and was causing damage to the agricultural fields and adjoining residential areas. The available pond water is Judiciously and efficiently utilised for irrigating agricultural fields by laying of underground pipeline.
4. Poor sanitation in the village due to over flowing water from the ponds causing water/vector borne diseases. Improved sanitary conditions of the village, thereby preventing the outbreak of various water/vector borne diseases like cholera, malaria, dengue, chickenguniya etc.,
5. Commuting problem for villagers and school children due to puddles of overflowing pond water onto kacha/pucca paths in the village. No such problem now.
6. Very low irrigation facility for small /marginal farmers because of high cost of Installation of tube wells for irrigation. Reuse of pond water for irrigation will help small/marginal farmers by way of cutting down the cost of installation and operation of tube wells.
7. High fertilizer consumption. Usage of nutrient rich pond water for irrigation will cut down the fertilizer consumption.
8. Farmers were less aware of saving water. Increased awareness amongst the villagers regarding saving the precious water.