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When was Soil and Water Conservation Department established?
The Department of Soil and Water Conservation was established in year 1969, before that it was a part of Agriculture Department.

Who is Head of Department and where it's Headquarters are located?
The Department is headed by Chief Conservator of Soils and its head office is S.C.O. 50-51, Sector 17 E, Chandigarh-160017.

What are major activities of Department?
The major activities of department can be classified into following four categories:

  • Laying of underground pipeline system for efficient irrigation
  • Installation of Micro Irrigation systems for precision irrigation
  • Construction of Rainwater harvesting-cum-recharging structures in kandi area
  • Utilization of treated water for irrigation

Does Department provide loans to farmers?
No, the Department does not provide loans to farmers.

On what works subsidies are provided?
Presently subsidies are provided to farmers for installation of micro irrigation systems and laying of Underground pipelines subject to availability of funds.

What is Micro Irrigation?
Micro irrigation systems includes drip irrigation, micro sprinkler irrigation and other emitting devices by which water is applied directly to root zone at a controlled rate.

What are the benefits of Micro irrigation?

  • Up to 70 % water saving
  • High yield and quality of produce
  • Suitable for all types of soil
  • Easy method of fertigation and chemigation
  • Saving in labour and field preparation cost

Is there any overall ceiling on Area for which a beneficiary can get subsidy for installing micro irrigation system?
There is no overall ceilingin the state on area for which a beneficiary can avail subsidy for installing micro irrigation system.

What is projected life of a micro irrigation system?
Projected life of micro irrigation system is 7 years.

Can I get subsidy for micro irrigation system on same land twice?
A beneficiary if availed the benefit of subsidy for micro irrigation for a particular land would be eligible for subsidy again for the same land only after the end of projected life of the micro irrigation system which is 7 years.

What are benefits of Underground pipeline system?

  • Saving of cultivable land
  • Saving of Energy and labour
  • Water conveyance losses through seepage, evaporation and breaches in the channels are avoided
  • The pipeline can be laid with complete freedom irrespective of the topographic features of the command area

Can I get subsidy on Micro Irrigation system/ Underground Pipeline System through firms registered by Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Punjab?
Registered firm/dealers are not competent to provide any kind of subsidy. Proper approval of estimate before commencement of work by concerned departmental officials is essential for obtaining subsidy under any scheme.

What is stage of ground water development?
The stage of ground water development is a ratio of Annual Ground Water Draft and Net Annual Ground Water Availability in percentage.

What are over-exploited blocks?
Blocks where stage of groundwater development is more than 100 % are classified as Over-exploited blocks.

What is meant by artificial groundwater recharge?
Artificial groundwater recharge refers to augmentation of natural replenishment of ground waterstorage by some method of construction, spreading of water, or by artificiallychanging natural conditions.

Can excess runoff from agricultural lands be directly used for recharging groundwater?
No, excess runoff from agricultural lands may contain fertilizers, herbicides, insecticides or other harmful chemicals which if used for groundwater recharge may pollute the groundwater.

What are Water Harvesting/Recharging Structures and its benefits?
Water harvesting/recharging structures are the structures constructed on a stream/drain to store excess runoff. These are most beneficial in hilly (Kandi) area. These structures checks soil erosion and augment groundwater through infiltration and percolation of stored water.

What is meant by a Check Dam?
Check dams are structures constructed acrossa stream, drainage ditch, or waterway to counteract soil erosion and prevent development of gulliesby reducing velocity of flowing water. Check dams also serve as an effective water harvesting structure.

What is meant by Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting?
Rooftop rainwater harvestinginvolves collecting the rainwater from roofs, either for direct use or to augment the ground water resources.

What is meant by Land Capability Classification?
Land capability classification is a system of grouping soilsprimarily on the basis of their capability to produce common cultivatedcrops and pasture plants without deteriorating over a long period of time.

What is a Sewerage Treatment Plant (STP)?
A sewerage treatment plant is a facility where municipal wastewater is treated, so that it is no longer harmful or dangerous to the environment.

What is a Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETP)?
Every small/medium scale industries cannot afford to have their own effluent treatment facilities and therefore, combined effluent from thesesmall/medium scale industries iscollectively treated at a centralized facility. This facility is called a Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP).

Where I can access reports related to Ground Water Resources?
Reports related to ground water resources can be accessed from the website of Central Ground Water Board (http://cgwb.gov.in/index.html).

Where can I get Water Saving Tips?
Please check "Awareness Generation Activities" column on homepage of Department of Soil & Water Conservations.